Author: Lance Steeves

Dissertation proposal

The proposal stage of your dissertation is critical. If your proposal is good, the rest of your research will fall into place. Its purpose is for you to:

  • draw together your initial ideas into a workable project outline;
  • have an agreed dissertation outline in place early enough to give you reasonable time to complete it;
  • clarify to yourself and, of necessary, to others, that your research plans are feasible;
  • prepare the groundwork for gathering the data or material that you need;
  • gain formal approval.

For your own purposes in planning your research, it is helpful to consider the proposal stage as encompassing the whole process from analysing the assignment brief through to that point when you are clear, in your own mind, what you will research and how. Even if you are not formally required to write up such a detailed proposal, it is advisable to do so.

Never make a dissertation proposal, adhering to the precept, due to the fact it is necessary. But at the contrary, have a look at cautiously the bibliographic sources that relate for your topic, think for the scope and course of your personal developments, in addition to your personal competencies and abilities, and after that, start drawing up a dissertation concept. When you have no thoughts about destiny work, try to make a preliminary notion, while hyphenated list the ones questions which can be going to open in writing a dissertation.

When you write a dissertation proposal, try to avoid common names and phrases, but you shouldn’t download it much, because the question that will be put into the plan’s paragraph, namely its name, will have to be finally revealed. It is not correct to call the proposal item in one word, or vice versa, to make it long, stretching the name, which ultimately takes several lines on the page. If you have problems with drawing up a dissertation proposal, then you can ask your supervisor for help, but in the end, you will have to write a dissertation, for someone else’s plan, which you will have to adapt to, which in the end will make it harder for you to write, since prove unsuccessful. A non-optimal proposal is a source of lost time, unnecessary labor and unnecessary problems.

Dissertation writing

Dissertation writing is a prerequisite for assigning the degree in studies in a particular field. According to its content, the dissertation writing for the candidate’s degree is a scientific and qualification work, which should contain an informed decision of a specific task related to a particular area of ​​knowledge.

At the same time, in practice, working on a dissertation writing, applicants face a whole range of problems and constraints that prevent them from creating high-quality scientific text, formulating and arguing new scientific solutions, presenting scientific novelty in their dissertation work.

Learn to set tasks yourself and find solutions to them, work creatively. Skills of solving tasks clearly set by teachers, which are most often taught by the applicant in school, college, university, in this case are inappropriate. You must be ready to formulate the tasks yourself, justify their relevance, and look for ways to solve them on your own. Do not rely only on the supervisor. Moreover, a good academic advisor will always appreciate your creative approach and reasonable initiatives. It is not necessary to start with global tasks and solving super-important problems – try to create a model “task-study-solution” at the level of a report or a scientific article, develop your skills from small to large, then if specific ideas carry you away and it will be interesting for you – it can become the foundation or part of your dissertation.

Learn to work with sources. The result of this work should not be an essay from parts of others’ works (this does not help your dissertation, but more often it does harm, programs for identifying borrowings in texts now work very well), but your in-depth understanding of the problems and structuring the knowledge that is currently available. In principle, the task of analyzing literature in a dissertation research is often structuring (highlighting groups of views on solving a problem you are considering), summarizing the material (presenting knowledge in a more accessible, understandable, concrete form) and, of course, reasonable, correct, due degree of respect for the work of their senior research colleagues, scientific criticism.

Learn to work systematically (regularly, consistently, purposefully). First of all, formulate a plan of dissertation work and coordinate it with the supervisor, approve the topic and plan of research in the department. Then make your own “work plan” and try to follow it very much. But – this plan should involve the implementation of “extremely short-term plans.” Very often, the options to “write a section in six months” do not work. At the beginning of the period, “… everything is still ahead,” and towards the end, “… it is unrealistically hard, and who can do so quickly.” For example, your effective work plan may involve writing “at least one page of text per day,” or working on a dissertation “at least an hour per day.” Little by little – but go for the goal. In this case, be sure to rest (moderately reasonable, otherwise you can unlearn the work altogether), of course, there may be force majeure and unforeseen situations that will make your work impossible for a certain period, but these should be exceptions to the rule, and not the traditional practice of excuses of inaction .

Dissertation paper

Candidate dissertation is a work that performs a qualifying function and does not depend on anything.

The basis of the dissertation paper is material that includes a description of new factors, phenomena of patterns, or a synthesis of previously known provisions from other scientific positions or in a new aspect.

The content of the candidate thesis reflects the initial background of scientific research, its progress and the results obtained.

The content of the thesis should provide convincing arguments in favor of the chosen concept. Contradicting points of view should be subjected to a comprehensive analysis and critical assessment. Discussion and polemical material are elements of the thesis. 

The topic of the dissertation paper is submitted for approval only when its relevance, scientific and applied importance, the availability of conditions for implementation at the scheduled time and the proper scientific guidance are provided. The graduate student is given the right to independently choose a topic of work. The selection is made on the basis of the approved list of directions for selecting topics in the department. The list is exemplary, and a graduate student can offer his topic with the necessary justification for the feasibility of its development.

 When choosing a topic, a graduate student should take into account his scientific and practical interests in a particular area of ​​theory and practice.

The topic has to be written in a way it reflects the main point of the whole dissertation paper.

Subject work need to reflect each theoretical and practical orientation of the look at. The theoretical part of the observe should be centered on the improvement of the theoretical and methodological foundations of the studied questions, the use of recent principles and ideas in the selected area of examine, and be prominent through a certain novelty of medical ideas and research strategies.

After the topic is approved, the supervisor will give the graduate student a dissertation preparation task. The assignment includes the name of the thesis, a list of issues to be developed, a list of the source data necessary for the dissertation (legislative and regulatory documents and materials, scientific and special literature, specific primary information), a calendar schedule for the implementation of individual sections of the dissertation, deadlines for submission work.

MLA essay example

The Basics – MLA essay example:

  • Text is double-spaced including quotations (no extra spaces after paragraphs).
  • 12 pt. font size / Times New Roman font (or other approved fonts from your professor).
  • No bold or underlined writing in your paper.
  • 1 inch margins on all four sides.
  • The introductory information should be your name, followed by your professor’s name, the course name, and the date.
  • Your title must be in Title Case, not in all capital letters. (The first word and all the ‘main’ words in a title should have initial capitals, and all the ‘joining’ words should be left in lower case)
  • Number all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. Includes last name, followed by a space with a page number.
  • Book Titles, Journals, or Major Works should be italicized. “Short Stories”, “Poems”, “Articles” should be put in quotations marks.
  • Only one space after periods or other punctuation marks.
  • Proper indentation (first line of each paragraph moved to right five spaces / tabbed once).
  • No personal pronouns (“you don’t know how important voting is until…”).
  • No narrative language (“I will write”, “in my essay”, “I believe”, “in conclusion”).
  • Sentences express complete thoughts (be care
  • Abbreviations are not used (etc., esp., … )
  • Proper punctuation and grammar.
  • No “texting” language: gonna, wanna, sorta, etc.
  • Contractions are NOT used (can’t, won’t, isn’t, doesn’t). There are some exceptions, but they’re typically rare.
  • Proper spelling (numbers less than 100 are spelled out).
  • The author is addressed by full name or last name only, NOT FIRST NAME.

In Text Citations for MLA essay example:

  • All framed direct and indirect borrowings (quotes and paraphrases) are followed by the page number in parentheses after the quotation marks and before ending punctuation:

Woodrow Wilson declared, “It is not learning but the spirit of services that will give a college a place in the public annals of the nation” (453).

“The faulty study resulted in crop mismanagement,” Dr. Broomfield comments (27).

  • The author’s last name and the page number of the source separated by a single space are in parentheses to identify the source of each passage or idea used:

Antony’s “modifications of Brutus’s formulaic oratory are the first hint that [Anthony] knows his business” (Macrone 45).

  • Quotations longer than four typed lines become block quotes, are indented twice, and are introduced with a colon.
  • When two or more sources are cited within a single sentence, the parenthetical notes appear right after the statements they support.

The Works Cited Page for MLA essay example:

  • “Works Cited” is centered at the top of the page
  • The page number is present
  • Include only sources mentioned in the paper; if you did not cite them in your paper, do not include them here! Always crossreference your paper and your Works Cited page to make sure you have everything.
  • Items on the Works Cited page are arranged in alphabetical order by last name of the author. If no author is given, list it according to the title.
  • The first line of each entry is flush with the left-hand margin. Subsequent lines of the entry are indented five spaces/tabbed once.
  • The list is entirely Double-spaced. Do not quadruple-space between entries or the title.
  • There is a period at the end of each entry.

UMI dissertation

Doctoral dissertations and master’s theses are primary literature. They are valuable contributions to the discourse in every field of inquiry and to the culture of all creative fields.

Publishing Program requirements:

Redistribution of the Work. Except as restricted by Author under Section IV (below), the rights granted by Author automatically include (1) the right to allow sale and distribution of the Work, in whole or in part, by agents and distributors, including but not limited to commercial retail outlets and (2) the right to make the Abstract and bibliographic data associated with the Work available to search engines and harvesters. .

Restrictions. ProQuest/UMI dissertation will use commercially reasonable efforts to restrict the distribution of the Work as provided under the publishing option selected by Author in Section IV (below) or as later elected by Author through direct contact with ProQuest/UMI. Such election is subject to Author’s Degree Granting Institution Directives. With respect to restrictions requested after submission of the Work, Author acknowledges that ProQuest/UMI cannot recall or amend previously distributed versions of the Work. Refer to Guides 3 and 4 for information about access and restrictions.

Removal of Work from the Program. ProQuest/UMI dissertation may elect not to distribute the Work if it believes that all necessary rights of third parties have not been secured. Refer to Guide 5 for information about copyright and your dissertation or thesis. If Author’s degree is rescinded, and the degree granting institution so directs, ProQuest/UMI dissertation will expunge the Work from its publishing program in accordance with its then current publishing policies.

Degree Granting Institution Directives. Author is solely responsible for any conflict between policies and directions of Author’s degree-granting institution, Author’s choice of publishing model, and/or any restriction Author places on the use of the Work. For the avoidance of doubt, ProQuest/UMI is not responsible for access to the Work that is provided by Author’s degree-granting institution through its library or institutional repository. Author must work directly with Author’s degree granting institution to ensure application of any restrictions to access relating to the Work by Author’s degree granting institution.